It is under the negative control of dopamine (ie dopamine prevents its release)
Raised prolactin causes a drop in GnRH, LH, oestrogen and testosterone levels.
Symptoms/signs of raised prolactin include:
- decreased libido
Note that gynaecomastia is NOT associated with raised prolactin.
Causes of a raised prolactin include:
- physiological causes
- breast feeding/nipple stimulation
- metabolic causes
- acromegaly (1/3)
- chronic renal failure
- microprolactinoma (<10mm) release more prolactin than macroprolactinomas
- compression of pituitary stalk removing dopamine control
Treatment is with bromocriptine.
It is best to give it in the evening as it causes postural hypotension
Very nearly there. Last battle of the day will be Erbs palsy....