Thursday, 14 October 2010

MRCP revision battle 29.8: Gitelman Syndrome

Gitelman Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder in which there is decreased salt reabsorption in the distal tubule resulting in hypokalaemia due to secondary hyperaldosteronism.

Patients with Gitelman Syndrome have:
  • metabolic alkalosis
  • low potassium
  • low magnesium
  • usually normal blood pressure

Treatment is magnesium and potassium replacement.

Finally - Liddles!